A butterfly-shaped island, this is how the Sicilian painter Salvatore Fiume (1915-1997) described Favignana, the largest of the Egadi Islands. Favignana is a small world with an uncontaminated, crystalline sea in dream bays offering excellent swimming and good scuba-diving possibilities, such as the gathered Cala Rotonda with its natural rock arch; the charming Cala Azzurra with its crystal clear waters; the imposing Cala Rossa which has become the symbol of the island, also because of the striking chromatic effect made by the turquoise sea and the surrounding white, tuff stone faces. This bay still evokes history because here was fought in 241 BC the terrible battle between the Romans and the Carthaginians, and is one of the most eye-catching place to see the old quarries of tuff, a volcanic rock whose mining used to be in the past one of the main activities on the island. Also the tuna fishing industry represented a main resource for the local community, which is still bound to its fishing traditions, and the imposing Tonnara Florio (tuna fishery), situated nearby the port, is one of the last traces of this interesting fishing folklore. Just a stone’s throw away from this building, in the lively town centre, are the cafés, restaurants and the local workshops; whereas the ancient medieval part of the island, dominated by the Fort of Santa Caterina, is situated on a mount and reachable through steps. This fort, originally built as a watchtower and then used as a prison by the Bourbon kings (1794-1860), is surrounded by a wonderful landscape of Mediterranean scrub. Getting to Favignana takes 15-20 minutes by hydrofoils from Trapani, and from here is very easy to reach and explore the other two islands of the archipelago – the small Levanzo and the rugged Marettimo – and Trapani with its old town centre that has recently been restored to its former splendour.
Transfer connections: by hydrofoils and ferries from Trapani.